The Pakistan government made a new expansion to PECA that would outlaw online criticism of the government and public office holders. Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act (PECA) is a law passed in 2016 that regulates Pakistanis’ use of the internet and authorises the government to censor content.
The defamation clauses in PECA have been used recently to target journalists and rights activists who express dissent against the government and military. The new expansion also allow the government to ban online platforms like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube; and messaging apps like WhatsApp. It allows to share users’ decrypted data to authorities without judicial oversight.
But the major technology companies like Google, Facebook and Twitter have threatened to pull out of Pakistan entirely if the regulations are not amended.