Drink enough water to keep your kidney healthy

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A person on an average would need to drink a minimum two litres of water regularly. Stressing the system by chronic dehydration causes the kidneys to work harder, says Dr Siddharth Singh
In winters, it has been often seen that the incidences of kidney stones and UTIs increase as the intake of fluids in people’s diet decreases during the season. Our kidney’s function in the body is predominantly filtering out the waste products through urine and maintaining a water balance. This further enables the proper flow of blood. Therefore, to have the proper functioning of the kidney and other parts of the body, it’s vital that we take fluids in large quantities.
Experts believe that the kidney can handle excess water but if the body has too little then it hampers the functioning of the kidney that further results in Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), kidney stones and Renal failure. All these can lead to kidney damage if not treated quickly. 
Dehydration is primarily caused due to the less intake of fluid. There are three ways the body loses water: breathing, sweating, and urine production. Each person must consume enough liquid to replace that given off to maintain healthy body functioning. A person weighing between 68-90 kilograms would need to drink a minimum 2 litres of water regularly. Stressing the system by chronic dehydration causes the kidneys to work harder.

Why does dehydration lead to UTIs?
We know that water is a major factor for urine production. Our bladders are like the containers, which store urine, until and unless we go to the washroom and pass the urine. So, when a bacteria goes inside those bladders from the urethra then it remains there till we urinate. So, if we don’t drink water then the bacteria gets enough time to multiply in the urethra, causing UTI. Each time you use the washroom, you are actually flushing out these bacteria through your urine. Drink water throughout the day. You can also consume fruits, which are high on water, including watermelons, berries, peaches and grapefruit. In case you’re not feeling thirsty, take part in physical activity as much as you can so that you end up drinking adequate quantity of water.

Can water intake avoid the kidney stones?
Almost 60-70 per cent of body weight is made up of water, which is essential for the functioning of the overall body. Dehydration happens when you lose an excess amount of water from the body either through diarrhea, vomiting, sweating, or extra losses in your urine, such as poorly controlled diabetes. Kidney stones are also a result of dehydration. When we drink enough water then the formation of stone-forming crystals from sticking to the walls of the kidneys can be avoided. Urologists also recommend drinking more water for anyone who is going through painful kidney stone, regardless of the type of the stone.

Here are five strategies for staying well-hydrated despite the chilly winters:
• In order to make yourself conscious about your fluid intake, start writing down how much water you’re drinking. Continue doing this for a week.
• Make a habit of drinking a glass of water in the morning the moment you get up from your bed. Take a sipper with you and ensure that you’re sip from it at least twice an hour.
• If you are bored of drinking normal water, you can add lemon to add a tangy flavour to it.
• If you are having a hot beverage like tea or coffee, then make sure that you’re drinking a glass of water prior to having it.
• To avoid dehydration, make sure that you’re running a humidifier to counter the effect of the heater or blower.

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